American Neoclassicism and the Emergence of the Skyscraper (1870–1920)
One might question why this small group of Americans deserves their own chapter. As latenineteenth century architects, they approached modern architecture with less fervor than their European counterparts. Henry Hobson Richardson, Louis Sullivan, Richard Morris Hunt, and Stanford White practiced with one foot in the past. Their high Victorian gothic and Renaissance revival allusions, use of materials and connection to the development of tall buildings led them tentatively toward the modern.