Learning and development design
We have already established in previous chapters that learning occurs in a variety of situations, some of which are planned and structured and others that are spontaneous and seemingly automatic. In planned learning events, there are key principles that underpin effective learning design. Clearly, both individual and group learning will be most effective if it is planned, organized and supported. However, it is also important for individuals to be aware of these principles so that the quality of informal learning can be maximized. If individuals are more aware of how they learn in conjunction with an understanding of learning design principles, then this knowledge is likely to enhance their ability to identify and build upon the benefits of any accidental or informal learning. In many respects this is a crucial ingredient of self-managed learning, and goes to the very heart of individual employees taking responsibility for their own learning.