Job speciﬁ cations or criteria are the central issue in screening résumés; i.e.,
comparing the requirements for the job with the skills of the potential candidate
as described in the résumé or curriculum vitae (CV). This matching process
becomes more complex when looking at the résumés of culturally different
candidates. This chapter describes how résumés of recent immigrants may look
different from those of mainstream North Americans. It will provide back-
ground to the differences and strategies needed to avoid eliminating great poten-
tial candidates because of unconventional résumés.