Roland Barthes, Camera Lucida
On seeing an 1852 photograph of Napoleon’s youngest brother, Barthes was
amazed to realise that he was ‘. . . looking at eyes that looked at the Emperor ’. (p. 3).
No one seemed to share his amazement and he became interested in photography
in opposition to the Cinema, overcome by the desire to understand what was the
‘essential feature’ that separated photography from other images.