John Berger, Ways of Seeing
Published in 1972 and based on a BBC television programme of the same name, this is
a very influential text on art criticism. Although the book and programme make
the same case, they do so in slightly different ways, and the programme is well worth
watching. For the photographer, the book has the advantage of putting photo-
graphy in the context of western art. For the student new to critical theory, it has
the advantage of being produced for a mass audience, and has as a central aim
the de-mystification of art. These two points make it relatively easy to understand.