John Szarkowski, The Photographer’s Eye and Stephen Shore, The Nature of Photographs
Both Szarkowski and Shore attempt to give what they feel are the defining
characteristics of photographs. Szarkowski’s book is based on the exhibition of
the same title that he curated in 1966. Shore’s book was published in 1998 and can
be seen as being in the same tradition as Szarkowski’s book. There is a sense in
which whatever else a photograph is, it is first of all what they say it is, although
some would argue that this approach is too limiting.