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The origins and causes of the Modern Movement lie far beyond the scope of this book, but it is relevant to observe an apparent paradox in its philosophy. It is a characteristic of modern design that it deliberately eschews overtly historical form on the grounds that the historical seams have been fully worked out, have become sterile and are incapable of further inventive development. At the same time, modern architecture is held to be inspired in an abstract sense by its classical forebears. The writings of Modern Movement architects repeatedly attest to classical architecture as the intellectual basis of their work.