Tourism and the environment
This chapter deals with the interrelationships between tourism and the environment. It discusses the awareness of environmental issues, and the need for preventative and remedial action. It describes the competition for space and resources, and the ways of ensuring that conservation measures are adopted. It lists tourism’s potential contributions towards these objectives. It goes on to identify and outline aspects of project appraisal, cost/benefit analysis and the concept of an environmentally adjusted domestic product. The chapter also describes the issues related to zoning, planning and land use, and the concept of yield in the physical planning of tourism facilities. It outlines some other issues in facilities planning, and introduces the idea of paying environmental and cultural royalties. The chapter concludes by listing environmental management standards, and a checklist for the preparation of an environmental impact statement for tourism projects.