Tourism - definitions, concepts and policies
This chapter introduces the history of tourism, and analyses the underlying reasons for the sector’s rapid growth. It goes on to discuss definitions of the sector, its structure and its division into three different levels. It looks at tourism in the context of national planning, and then examines tourism statistics and internationally recognized concepts and definitions. It discusses some of tourism’s distinctive aspects: spontaneity; remembrance; the tourism patrimony; the matching of product components; product perishability; carrying capacity; product changeability; the competition for space; the fixity of operating costs; and the seasonality of demand. It then goes on to describe how to structure the tourism planning process, and concludes with an example of a typical tourism policy statement.