A device, for our purposes, is something that “complicates the formal
patterning . . . providing form with variations. ” 1 It is a way of construct-
ing a moment or a passage that varies the unfolding of a story from
direct linear cause-and-effect chains to more complicated and poten-
tially formally more expressive patterns of telling. In particular, for
editors, an editing device varies the form by playing with some of the
unique capacities of cinema to shape time, space, energy, and move-
ment to create experiences of tension and release.