Massage can be defined as a scientific method of manipulating body tissues. It can be performed mechanically by the use of electrical equipment, and manually by hand. The following pages are concerned only with the classification and technique of manual massage. Students must bear in mind that there are different schools of thought on every subject. Massage is no exception but generally speaking classification of manipulations used in massage falls into four main groups. These groups in turn are further subdivided according to their functions and use upon the body tissues. Some French terminology is retained for convenience of description.