chapter
Thermal insulation, 507–25 Trial pits, 67, 71 Thermal resistance, 507–9, 513, 515 Triangle of forces, 228 Thin grouted membranes, 284 Triangular chart, 76 Thinners, 624 Triaxial compression test, 80 Three axle scraper, 151 Tripod rig, 72–3, 211 Three centre arch, 333 Truss out scaffold, 134 Three pin portal frame, 415 Trussed rafter roof, 434 Tile hanging, 490 Tubular scaffolding, 124–35 Tilting drum mixer, 178–9 Two axle scraper, 151 Tilting level, 113 Two pin portal frame, 415 Timber: Two pipe heating, 678 beam design, 576–8 Tying-in scaffolding, 128 casement windows, 341–2 connectors, 433, 475 U value calculations, 507–8, 512–5 doors, 361–3, 367–8 U values, 355, 470, 507–8, 512–5 flat roofs, 451–6 Unconfined compression test, 79 frame construction, 372–3 Undercoat, 625 girders, 474 Underlay, 436, 438–42, 444–6, 448–9 hardwoods, 632 Underpinning, 271–8 joinery production, 628–32 Under-reaming, 214 pile foundation, 216 Undersill cladding panels, 503 pitched roofs, 430–50 Universal beam, 403 preservation, 461–2, 464 Universal bearing pile, 219 softwoods, 631 Universal column, 403 stairs, 588–97 Universal excavator, 154 storage, 99 Urea formaldehyde, 422, 635 stud partition, 549 trestle, 220 Vacuum dewatering, 568 Timbering, 258–60 Valley beam, 472 Tooled surface, 505 Valley gutter, 472 Toothed plate connector, 433, 474–5 Valley tiles, 437, 441 Top shore, 138, 141 Vane test, 78 Towed scraper, 151 Vans, 159 Tower cranes, 90, 165, 172–5 Vapour control layer, 455, 457, 470, Tower scaffold, 129 473, 558, 619 Track mounted crane, 175 Vaults, 479–81 Tractor shovel, 153 Ventilated stack discharge system, 675 Traditional strip foundation, 194 Ventilation of roof space, 436, Traditional underpinning, 273 438–40, 444–5, 452–3, 457–9 Translational dome, 10, 478 Ventilation spacer, 438, 444–5 Translucent glass, 351 Verge details, 442, 453 Transport vehicles, 159 Vertical casting, 506 Transporting concrete, 180 Vertical laminations, 420 Traveller, 110–2, 657 Vestibule frame, 357 Travelling tower crane, 172, 175 Vibrating tamping beam, 182 Tree protection, 97, 107, 191 Vibration of soil, 290–2
Thatched roof, 450 Trees – foundation damage, 189–90 Theodolite, 109, 115 Tremie pipe, 212, 286 Thermal break, 356 Trench fill foundation, 205 Thermal bridging, 527–8 Trench setting out, 110 Thermal conductivity, 508, 510–3, 515 Trench sheeting, 267–8
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Thatched roof, 450 Theodolite, 109, 115 Thermal break, 356 Thermal bridging, 527-8 Thermal conductivity, 508, 510-3, 515 Thermal insulation, 507-25 Thermal resistance, 507-9, 513, 515 Thin grouted membranes, 284 Thinners, 624 Three axle scraper, 151 Three centre arch, 333 Three pin portal frame, 415 Tile hanging, 490 Tilting drum mixer, 178-9 Tilting level, 113 Timber: beam design, 576-8 casement windows, 341-2 connectors, 433, 475 doors, 361-3, 367-8 flat roofs, 451-6 frame construction, 372-3 girders, 474 hardwoods, 632 joinery production, 628-32 pile foundation, 216 pitched roofs, 430-50 preservation, 461-2, 464 softwoods, 631 stairs, 588-97 storage, 99 stud partition, 549 trestle, 220