From Teacher to Facilitator of Learning
Instructors of adults generally want to ensure efficient and effective learning. This focus often leads to concentration on what they are doing rather than what the learner is doing. Applying “Core Adult Learning Principles” 2, 3, and 4 from the Andragogy in Practice model directs the instructor to use the existing knowledge, experience, and motivation of learners to shape the learning experience. The principles include: Self-Concept of the Learner, Prior Experience of the Learner, and Prior Experience of the Learner. When this shift to the learner occurs, the leader’s role moves from that of a traditional teacher to a facilitator of learning. The facilitator role may appear to be more casual, but actually requires increased attentiveness to what is happening in individual and groups of learners.