FREE, SECULAR, AND COMPULSORY
The juxtaposition of these three questions in each of the definitive Education Acts of the Australian States was one of the clearest demonstrations of their intimate connection with the problem of establishing some form of national education. In England the same connection was apparent in the debates that led up to the 1870 Act and in the disputes which followed. Was there a necessary connection between them? That is to say, was it necessary for a national education to be secular, and also compulsory? Could it become compulsory if it remained denominational? And, if made compulsory, must it also be made free at least within the age limits of compulsion?