chapter  4
21 Pages

GYÔKI AND THE POLITICS OF THE NARA COURT

The relation between Gyôki’s charitable activities and the politics of the Nara court has recently received attention from such historians as Miyagi Yôichirô and Inoue Mitsusada. Both of them analyzed the locations of Gyôki’s activities on a yearly basis and compared them to the construction activities of the Nara court.1 But the only texts that describe Gyôki’s construction projects in detail are the Gyôki bosatsuden (eleventh century) and the Gyôki nenpu (1175). In this chapter, we analyze the official accounts of Gyôki’s life as contained in the Shoku nihongi and other fragmentary texts to pinpoint the incidents that might have caused the Nara court to alter its policy toward Gyôki and his followers.