chapter  13
Adjectives
Pages 5

Hindi nouns, as we have already seen (Chapter 7), have inherent gender, that is, they are either masculine or feminine. But Hindi adjectives do not have inherent gender. Their gender depends on the nouns they modify. Hindi adjectives have traditionally been divided into two broad categories: red (cf. laala laal, ‘red colour’) and black (cf. kalaa kaalaa, ‘black colour’). The laala laal category adjectives remain invariant; the kalaa kaalaa category ones (with a few exceptions) change form according to the number, gender and case of the noun they modify. This means that adjectives that end in a long -aa vowel (oral or nasal) are variable while those that end in consonants or other vowels are invariant. Consider lambaa lambaa, ‘tall’ for example (which obviously belongs to the variable category) in Section 13.1. These rules will also apply to the quantifiers such as dsa das, ‘ten’ and intensifiers such as bahut bahut, ‘very’.