Descriptive relativism and varieties of normative relativism
The truth of descriptive relativism is a matter for the empirical sciences. By contrast meta-ethical subjectivism is a philosophical thesis. But neither of these is to be confused with any of the common ‘relativisms’ which actually take some particular moral or value stance. Any of these latter may be described as instances of ‘normative relativism’ (‘normative’ because they take some value stance). In this chapter I shall argue that the outstanding instances of normative relativism are not to be confused with, nor derived from, descriptive relativism.