Descriptive relativism and meta-ethical subjectivism
In chapters 5 and 6 I discussed the three main kinds of metaethical theories (naturalism, non-naturalism, non-cognitivism) as well as some of the arguments for and against each kind. I shall not consider what further arguments have been given for any of the further instances of such theories which have been proposed. Such is the subject matter of more advanced studies. Instead, chapters 8 through 11 will be concerned to clear up certain common misunderstandings people have about the leading meta-ethical theories (especially non-cognitivism). Meta-ethical theories are often thought to have consequences (sometimes practical consequences) which they do not.