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In Lancashire the Earl of Derby met with a disaster as complete as any in Wales. His army was broken, he quarrelled with his subordinates, and by June 1643 the whole county, save one garrison, was lost to the enemy.1* Hertford’s fortunes at first sight seem to present a complete contrast. In May 1643 the troops sent with him from Oxford linked up with the Cornish army, in June they conquered Somerset and part of Wiltshire and in July they joined more units of the royal army in wiping out the Parliamentarian western forces under Waller at Roundway Down and storming Bristol. However, Hertford himself played little part in these victories. His army was led in practice by his subordinates Hopton and Prince Maurice,2 he was not present at Roundway Down and he failed to attend the Council of War which planned the storm of Bristol.3 Nor did he even make a prepossessing figurehead, as by the time that Bristol fell he was disliked both by his soldiers and by the local gentry.4 He adhered to the principal already observed in the Marches, of entrusting Royalist territory to the care of prominent local gentry, but this policy also proved defective. The commissioners of Cornwall soon quarrelled as bitterly as those of Worcestershire, and the High

Sheriff, like Russell, had to face an enquiry into his accounts.5 Likewise in Devon and Somerset the local gentry responded sluggishly to the appeals of their Royalist neighbours.6