The natural and expected outcome of marriage was of course the production of children. As we saw in Chapter 2, both the Roman and Christian traditions saw children as inevitably following from an accepted union, although they differed on the significance of the event. As with marriage, widowhood and virginity, Christian writers looked at the parent – child bond with a somewhat leery eye. They saw the potential dangers of sin that might bubble forth from the deep waters of the human soul and did their best to prevent them. Fears of negligent behavior on the part of mothers and fathers dominated their concerns, but these men also sought to delve more deeply into the nature of these interpersonal relationships.