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Contemporary approaches to the management of irritability and aggression following traumatic brain injury

It is now well established that survivors of TBI potentially experience a wide range of physical, functional, cognitive, behavioural, and psychosocial problems. Many people report a range of symptoms that collectively constitute what has become known as the post-concussional syndrome (PCS). The core symptoms are headache, dizziness, and intolerance of noise; however, problems with concentration and memory, fatigue, depressed mood, and irritability are among a wider range of complaints associated with PCS (Eames, 2001).