chapter  4
52 Pages

The Application of the Pluralistic Security Community in the Eastern Mediterranean

This chapter aims at developing and testing the concept of PSC explicated by Karl Deutsch and his associates in the 1950s, and applying it to the eastern Mediterranean. Ultimately, the purpose of this chapter is to identify and characterise the nature of the PSC in the eastern Mediterranean which accounts for a dearth of solidarity, stability, unity and co-operation among the two NATO members, Greece and Turkey. In essence, a pluralistic security community is a union in which war is no longer contemplated as a possible way of resolving conflicts among its members. However, this is not the case in the southern flank of the NATO alliance despite the fact that post-Cold War NATO constitutes a security community and considers the PSC values and principles as a fait accompli for all of its member states.1 As Stephen Weber points out, NATO has never been just a mere antiSoviet coalition, but a peculiar mixture of alliance and pluralistic security community.2 He asserts that the cardinal goal of the alliance-to defend its territory against external invasion from the Soviet Union-was always balanced against the security community goal-to prevent the use of force among the NATO members, and particularly to solve the Franco-German security dilemma.3