chapter  1
Capitalism, industry and the organization of labor
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Wage labor played an important role in the economic and social systems of early modern Japan. Labor migration was an integral part of the demographic and family systems influencing the age patterns of leaving home and marriage, as well as inheritance practice. The income generated by the wage labor of family members contributed to the economic stability of small farms and the skills learned through service and apprenticeship allowed the spread of skilled proto-industrial production in the countryside.