chapter  6
Maxims
Pages 11

It may be true that the traditional philosophy of mind went wrong in treating states of mind as occurrences and in treating the relation between them and actions as causal. It would however be a mistake to assume that therefore there is no use for notions such as ‘rule of action’, or Kant’s ‘maxims’, or that such rules and their relation to action cannot be defined in a manner not involving the above two interpretations. A rough account of something Kant said would be that events happen in accordance with laws, and actions in accordance with conceptions of laws. He was then saying something important about the logic of ‘action’, and part of my aim is to interpret his and similar statements in a manner which will be compatible with the results of contemporary preoccupations with the way certain psychological usages mislead us, and yet enable rules or maxims to do some of the work for which they were invented.