Social change brings with it alterations in the prevailing values of Third World societies and inevitably results in a certain degree of political instability. Through social change, the cultural orientations of a population are altered, with new norms of conduct and of thought, new ways of life, gaining increasing legitimacy among various social classes. The previous chapter discussed how these valuational changes affect the social and cultural characteristics of developing countries. It is now important to examine the relationship between social and cultural values on the one hand and the body politic on the other. The nature and ramifications of the nexus between culture and polity can be best understood through political culture. By examining the role and significance of political culture in developing countries, this chapter explores the popular political perceptions and orientations that prevail throughout the developing world, the means through which these attitudes are formed and the effects they have on political behaviour and participation.