The aim of managing woods in medieval times was entirely for their products, many of which were essential to everyday life. It is probable that almost all trees in the landscape were ‘working trees’ (Green, 1994). Woods yielded timber (from trees over two feet in girth) for building houses, ships, etc. and underwood, smaller diameter wood from coppice, pollards, suckers and the branches of the timber trees for tools, fuel, etc. A wide range of historical and current uses can be seen in Tables 1.3 and 3.1.