Urban development as a global phenomenon
The world has recently become urban because of major changes in the distribution of population in developing countries. High levels of urban development existed in the core economies of Europe and North America in the middle of the last century because of successive and cumulative urbanisation under mercantilist, industrial and monopoly capitalism. In the 50 years since, massive urban growth and urbanisation have occurred throughout most of the rest of the world, transforming it, and in consequence the world as a whole, from a rural to an urban place. At the same time, the pace of urban development in the core has slackened appreciably. This chapter examines and attempts to account for urban development as a global phenomenon.