chapter  7
12 Pages


The embezzlement of public funds

Though it is as real, visible and extensive as the vast area of the Middle Eastern desert, corruption, especially its role in increasing inequality of wealth distribution, has not received adequate attention in the region’s development studies. It is a complex subject, and remains analytically difficult and unrecognized not only by the ruling political élite, but also by conventional economists. Furthermore, there is little agreement as to what a corrupt practice is and whether corruption is inevitable in dealings involving government officials. Corruption and public expenditure are linked by government officials’ attitudes towards public funds: hence this chapter is a continuation of the discussion in Chapter 6.