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Syrian nationalist writer. The leading advocate of the unity of geographical Syria and thus of Syrian as opposed to Arab nationalism, Sa'āda returned to the Middle East in 1929 from emigration in Brazil. He worked as a German teacher at the American University of Beirut, and in 1932 founded al-Hizb al-Sūrī al-Qawmī, the Syrian National Party. By 1935 the party had several thousand members in Syria and Lebanon.