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Let me leave these theological matters on one side now, and use the conclusions I have reached to summarize the conditions which must be met if one is to succeed in putting to rest the spectre of universal scepticism. According to Jonathan Lear, we shall have succeeded in making good this aim only to the extent that an explicit reference to our ways of thinking is superfluous. As he puts it, the ‘we’ must disappear.61 Stroud claims in similar vein that ‘we must not be able to isolate our ways of thinking, or our simply thinking certain things to be so, in a way that leaves it an open question whether, in general, things are that way’.62