chapter  6
44 Pages

Resources, state power, and armament

It was demonstrated in Chapter 5 that a liberal or generous application of the arms race model does not quite successfully explain the arms buildups of the two Koreas. External factors, to be sure, are primarily responsible for the survival of the two opposing regimes and the expansion of their armed forces during the war as well as the origin of the Korean conflict, that is, the division of the nation. Armament efforts of the two Korean states have been determined to a large extent by external factors: changes in the dynamic military balance and major withdrawals of security commitment from the US or the Soviet Union/Russia or China.