State and armament: theory and hypotheses
Why do states arm as they do? For those who believe in the state, including realist scholars in international relations and most political leaders of every nation, the answer is obvious; to survive. Each government of state-societies, called nations, arms itself for the sake of national security. Armament is an ‘irreducible minimum’ requirement of the state. It has been more often than not alleged that the pursuit of national security, that is, deterring a war or, sometimes preparation for a war leads to an arms race. Yet the seemingly obvious arms race explanation is theoretically flawed and has performed poorly against empirical data.