Unemployment, social support and coping
The recent economic downturn in Canada has generated a national concern with unemployment and its psychosocial and economic costs; such a concern is also shared by social science analysts and researchers (Muszynski 1984). The sudden inﬂux of thousands of Indochinese refugees to Canada coincided with the economic recession and, among other things, has spurred a number of studies of the various facets of their adaptation during resettlement. Several of these studies focus on the refugees ʼeconomic adaptation (Neuwirth 1981; Lam 1983; Deschamps 1987; Samuel 1987; Woon 1987), believing that successful economic adaptation is vital to overall adjustment and central to attaining self-sufﬁciency and autonomy. However, none of these studies actually examines how Indochinese refugees cope with unemployment and its psychosocial costs. In the USA, analyses of the unemployment of Indochinese refugees are few and far between (Kelly 1977; Montero 1979; Stein 1979; Finck 1983).