We would not be the first to point out that organisational analysis can take two very different forms. On the one hand there is ‘prescriptive’ analysis which has to do with problems of organizational efficiency, effectiveness and adaptability, and on the other analysis which is concerned with wider theoretical problems; what contemporary sociologists have come to call ‘critical’ sociology. This recognition that regardless of the object of study, the method of analysis and the kinds of conclusion reached depend fundamentally on research purpose is an instructive one. Indeed, from our point of view, organisational theory has in fact taken many different directions: directions so disparate that at times it is difficult to conceive of the various perspectives as being ‘about’ the same thing at all. Even so, and without wanting to recapitulate what we argued in Chapters 1 and 2, certain themes are discernible.