In previous chapters, I have explored two ways in which ﬁlms can qualify as doing philosophy. First, I argued that a ﬁlm that illustrates a philosophical theory can make a contribution to that theory. Second, I showed that ﬁlms can present thought experiments, an important philosophical technique that has ﬂourished within analytic philosophy. Still, there is one philosophical technique that many philosophers see as
essential to philosophy and that it might be thought lies outside the range of ﬁlm’s capabilities, viz. presenting an argument. For many contemporary philosophers, especially those working within the analytic tradition, logical argumentation is the hallmark of philosophy. If ﬁlm cannot be shown to have the capacity to present arguments, then it might be thought that there can only be a tenuous connection between ﬁlm and philosophy. In this chapter, I will demonstrate that ﬁlms can indeed present arguments
by showing that there is one type of argument – the presentation of a counterexample to a philosophical thesis by means of a thought experiment – that ﬁlms are well-suited tomake. After clearing theway for this viewwith some general considerations, I will develop an interpretation of Michel Gondry’s 2004 ﬁlm, Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, that shows how the ﬁlm presents a counterexample to the ethical theory of utilitarianism.