chapter  4
31 Pages

Amun Theology of the Early Period: Eulogies from tombs: Hatshepsut to Amenophis II

The earliest solar hymns in Theban tombs date from the time of Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis III and are connected with the establishment of solar chapels that had a regular cult both in the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el Bahril and the temple complex of Amun-Re at Karnak.2 To this period also belongs a quite remarkable phenomenon in the history of the Offering Formula (IJtp dj njswt).3 The offering formulae of stelae,4 less frequently the frieze texts,S are occasionally extended by a eulogy. Epithets are attached to the names of the gods (Amun-Re on the stelae, Re-Harakhty on the ceiling texts) and specify the nature of the god. Without exception this takes the form of predication in the nominal style, for which the term "eulogy" has been proposed.6