chapter  VI
16 Pages

The Fundamental Myth

Religion takes form under the pressure of insistent human needs. It is shaped by certain biological and social demands expressive of man's underlying necessity to persist, to develop and to find an ever improving adaptation to environment. A merely suggestive summary of some of the most important of these primary demands would take cognizance of the need of food, of offspring, of protection against enemies and all evil, of personal and group health, of political solidarity, of ceremonial purity, and, as the growing moral consciousness responds to more refined situations, the need of ethical reinforcement, of aesthetic satisfactions, of companionship and friendship, and of better social cooperation and control.