chapter
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Introduction

TherighttoownpropertyindividuallyisdeeplyembeddedinmodemWesternsociety(Hann 1998).Itwasarticulatedclearlyforthefirsttimeinthe17thcenturybytheEnlightenment philosopherJohnLocke,whoarguedthateveryindividualhasapropertyinhisownpersonas wellasarighttotheproductofhisownlabour(Rowley1993:13).Inhisview,individuals couldcreatepropertyrightsoutofthecommonpoolofnaturalresourcesbymixingtheir labourwiththoseresourcesandannexingthem:'...noManbuthecanhavearighttowhat thatisoncejoynedto,atleastwherethereisenoughandasgoodleftincommonforothers' (citedinRowleyibid.).