chapter  XIV
16 Pages


THE masters of the nineteenth century with whom we have been dealing in the foregoing chapter were all primarily, and most of them exclusively, operatic composers, of German and Italian nationality. We now have to consider those of their contemporaries whose activities were wholly or mainly confined to the concert-room, and whose general artistic tendencies may best be described as French; for in the same way that Weber, Marschner, and Wagner were the musical exponents of German romanticism, and Bellini, Donizetti, and Verdi those of Italian romanticism, so in the work of Hector Berlioz, Franz Liszt, and Frederic Chopin we find the musical expression of the ideals and tendencies exemplified in the poetry of Hugo, de Musset, and Lamartine, and in the painting of Delacroix, although actually only the first-named of the three can properly be said to be a Frenchman.