IN this chapter it is my purpose to give some account of the Elizabethan pamphlets in which the lives of rogues and vagabonds are treated. That does not mean that I shall attempt to criticize all the works which have been drawn upon for material for the preceding parts of this essay. I shall limit my discussion to books belonging to two classes: (1) those early pamphlets (down to 1592) upon which this study is primarily based-the Manifest Detecti01t and the works of Awdeley, Harman, and Greene; and (2) the late pamphlets (from 1592 to 1616) which followed the fashion of exposing rogue life. These make twenty or twenty-five pamphlets in all; other books of which I have made use (and some, like Scot's Discouerie of Witchcraft, although not rogue pamphlets, have furnished important material) are mentioned in foot-notes or in the text. The earlier pamphlets have the interest that belongs to honest and real descriptions .of a little-known phase of sixteenth-century life. The later ones are mostly borrowed from the earlier, and the interest and value which they have for us is in the light they shed upon the unscrupulous methods of Elizabethan hack-writers. Before beginning the discussion it is necessary to make a short digression in order to consider the influence of foreign rogue literature of the period on the English.