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As has elsewhere been said, the present population of the Sultanate may be roughly divided into four principal classes, Africans, Arabs, Indians and Europeans, and when studying the sociology and ethnology of the native, not only is it necessary to describe how the customs' of the latter three classes have affected the first, but also what they have inherited from previous colonizers. These peoples have been the ancient races inhabiting the Persian Gulf, the ancient Egyptians, the Greeks, the Malays and Chinese, and, coming to more recent times, the Persians and Portuguese.