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agent provocateur, Zubatovshchina was not a purely modern or

The Zubatovshchina counted on the “patriarchal relations between masters and servants,” on the illiteracy of the peasants and workmen and on the influence of the Church on the population. The patriarchal relations between employers and workmen, and the ignorance of the working masses, were largely exploited by the police, in order to counteract the influence of revolutionaries on the Russian Labour Movement. The ecclesiastical influence was not at first utilised for that purpose. This source of spiritual life, and of influence on the labouring masses, was taken into account later on, and led to the birth of another experiment, started by “Father Gapon,” who did not realise that he was lighting the spark which would bring about the Revolution of 1905.