chapter  8
The Religious Census of 1851
Pages 46

The results were tabulated by Horace Mann, a twenty-eight year old barrister,3 and were published in 1854. The figures for England and Wales were prefaced by a long report written by Mann, but the figures for Scotland, which were in any case less complete, had only a brief introduction.4 The original schedules for England and Wales are available in the Public Record Office, but those for Scotland have apparently disappeared. S The Census has become popularly known as the 1851 Religious Census, but strictly it is only a Census of Accommodation and Attendance at Worship: this fact explains much of the subsequent controversy. For all its faults, however, it stands out as a fascinating revelation of the religious state of Britain in the middle of the century.