chapter  5
8 Pages

'Abd al-Rahman al-Kawakibi

What is a nation or a people? Is it a heap of creatures . . . slaves of a king? Or is it a community connected by ties of race, language, fatherland and common rights?! What is a government? Is it a man and his assistants who gain control over people . . . and do whatever they want, or is it a political trust that is given by the nation for the administration of its common general interests?! What are the rights of the public? . . . What is equality of rights? . . . What are the rights of the individual? . . . Is the best government an unrestrained despotism, or . . . a presidential regime for life, or for a limited time?! . . . How should one legislate laws? . . .10