chapter  19
17 Pages

The Reform Society of Beirut

The Decentralization Party in Cairo and the Reform Society of Beirut were established at the same time, in response to the possibility of the Levant's being occupied by a foreign power. But while the primary motivation for the establishment of the Decentralization Party was the fear of the Syrian emigres in Cairo of such an occupation, the Reform Society of Beirut was established, among other reasons, as a result of the local populace's desire for such an occupation; the Turkification policy and governmental corruption caused the local populace to want to change the situation in any possible way. Thus, in Beirut in late 1912 the differences of opinion among most of the people were not over whether foreign occupation was desirable, but rather over the identity of the desired foreign conqueror.