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Islamic Extremism and the Peace Process Efraim Inbar

This article offers a strategic analysis of the effects of Islamic extremism in the Middle East on the peace process between Israel and the Arab world.1 Islam is one of the world's great religions, having greatly contributed to all aspects of human society. The subject of this essay, however, is the political consequences of a specific version of Islam, the radical, which is not the most prevalent, though certainly a source of danger. As a student of international relations, rather than sociology of religion or Arab culture, I will take the liberty to make a few generalizations. I follow the English author, Ben Jonson, who observed, The fact of twilight does not mean you cannot tell day from night'. Therefore, I will discuss the political implications of a variety of radical Islamic political entities, focusing on their policy advocacy and capabilities, rather than on their social and theological differences.