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Gabriel R. Warburg

On 30 June 1989, a group of army officers headed by Lt. Col. 'Umar Hasan al-Bashir overthrew the democratically elected government of al-Sadiq alMahdi and assumed power in Sudan. It was the third military coup since the Sudan became independent in January 1956 and the second time that the military had seized power with the blessing of a political party. However, President Bashir's dictatorship marks the first time that a military junta assumed power in order to enforce a radical Islamist regime.