The Quest for Maroc Utile
To counter the appeal of that revolutionary movement Lyautey exercised his diplomatic skills in an effort to attract the religious and political indigenous élites. However, the anti-French uprising could be crushed only by military force. He thus authorized the liberal use of artillery against rebel concentrations, which compensated for the French numerical inferiority and the vulnerability of their lines of communication. The mission to restore peace and stability to the areas surrounding Fez was assigned to Colonel Gouraud who was nominated by Lyautey to command the region of Fez and given considerable freedom in the operation of the ten battalions placed under his rule. He achieved the stabilization of the northern front and provided security to Fez and its surroundings. Meanwhile Lyautey had to turn his attention to the southern part of the country.