On Resilience: Questions of Validity: David W. Bartelt
Resilience, either implicitly or explicitly, is a central concept in many approaches to maximizing inner-city educational attainment. More broadly, it is also central to many public policy and program issues connected to debates over the urban underclass, particularly toward programs aimed at identifying individuals who are likely candidates for transition from the underclass. This chapter concerns itself with several components of the external validity of this concept as it is employed at three levels: the individual, the family, and the city. Specifically, does the concept of resilience have a clear, unambiguous empirical referent in psychological states, behaviors, and/or forms of social organization, such that we can organize research and policy recommendations around it?