chapter  3
8 Pages

The Struggle for Power

FOR THE ADMINISTRATION of the Kanto, Ieyasu appointed Ina Tadasugu his daikan, or bailiff. Old Honda objected, pointing out that at Mikawa they had had one bailiff for each of the five provinces, and now there was only one bailiff for all the eight provinces of the Kanto! Was that really enough? Ieyasu, however, remained adamant. Ina had proved himself to be capable at the time of the fall of Odawara when Hideyoshi had entrusted him with the task of distributing one hundred thousand koku of rice which the Hojo had left behind. Ieyasu had succeeded in obtaining his services for himself and he later organised the army's transport to everyone's satisfaction. Ina subsequently showed that he was also an excellent administrator and even a good engineer. Edo was frequently threatened by floods and Ina began to divert the flow of the river Tone. He built dykes on the banks of the river; he planned highways and canals, built bridges, extended the amount of land which could be cultivated and succeeded in greatly increasing the revenues of Ieyasu's domain. At the same time, he took steps to suppress banditry and formed the rough beginnings of a legal code. This remained in operation after his death in 1615 under Hidetada, and his successors continued with it. Their experience enabled them to found a sort of School of Administration which they named the College of Ina, and this, together with a rival, the College of Hikosaka, formed the two systems of administration of the T okugawa period.